This Bible Study will give you a summary explanation of how the Temple of Salomon was, its construction, measurements, characteristics, furnishings, meaning and plans of the temple.
What is The Solomon’s Temple?
The first Temple of Jerusalem, also known as Solomon’s Temple, was built by King Solomon, third king of Israel. It was as a permanent place of worship and the main center of devotion for the God of Heaven. Substituting The Tabernacle that Moses erected in the desert while they did not yet take possession of the promised land.
For the first Temple of Jerusalem to take place, King David had in his heart to build a Temple for God and replace the Tabernacle. This because God had consolidated him in the promised land and had given him peace with his enemies around (2 Sa 7:1-2). Therefore God approved the idea, but He did not allow David to build The Temple, since He was a man of war and his hands had shed a lot of blood (1 Chr 22:8; 28:3).
What Does the Solomon’s Temple Mean According to the Bible?
In the Bible the meaning of the word “Temple” has always had a spiritual symbolism in relation to the “Body”. Like the Tabernacle, the Temple of Solomon was a place consecrated for the worship of Almighty God, in this way God desires that we also be a Holy Temple for Him. The Bible gives us the following meanings about this word in relation to:
The Human Body of Christ: Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body. When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said (Jn 2:19-22).
The Local Church: Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are (1 Co 3:16-17).
The Universal Church: In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord (Eph 2:21).
The Body of the Christian: Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, which is in you, which you have of God, and that you are not yours? Because you have been bought by price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s (1 Co 6:19-20).
God chooses Solomon to build the First Temple of Jerusalem
For this work to take place, God would choose a descendant of King David, who would build Temple for God. Therefore he chose Solomon, of whom the Bible says: “Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days” (1 Chr 22:9).
Meaning of Solomon and his relationship with Christ
The name Salomón, comes from the Hebrew “Shlomó”, that means “Pacific”, which has origin in the Hebrew word “Shalóm” that means “peace”. Also attributes, by which the word points to Christ as “Prince of Peace” (Is 9:6).
But another word about Solomon is fulfilled in Christ, when he says: “He shall build a house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I will be his father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever” (1 Chr 22:10). So we also know that Jesus Christ, the descendant of David (1 Kings 8:19; Mt 21:9, 2 Tim 2:8), was the only one who fulfilled this prophecy of making an Eternal Temple for God and who reigns forever. (Lk 1:32-33) Since King Solomon as a man failed many times. But on the other hand, in Jesus Christ there is never sin (1 Pet 2:22-23; 2 Co 5:21; 1 Jn 3:5), so much so that even his enemies recognized him as Just (Mk 15:39; Mt 27:4, 19, 23, 24, Lk 23:41, 47, Jn 8:46).
Preparations for the construction of the First Temple of Jerusalem
For the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem and before leaving the throne to his son Solomon, King David together with the riches of the kingdom for its construction (2 Chr 22:5). Therefore they were, 100 thousand talents of gold, 1 million talents of silver, iron and bronze in great quantity (1 Chr 22:14). He also offered from his private treasury 3,000 talents of gold and 7,000 talents of refined silver (1 Chr 29:3-4). The people also, voluntarily donated 5 thousand talents of gold, 10 thousand drachmas of gold, 10 thousand talents of silver, 18 thousand talents of bronze and 5 thousand talents of iron (1 Chr 29:7).
The estimated value of each talent was 36 kg. In the current days, the total value of these donations would be more than 48 billion dollars.
How was the construction of the Solomon’s Temple?
For the construction of the Temple of Solomon, the king made commercial alliances with Hiram, king of the Sidonians (1 Kings 5:6-11), since he had always been a faithful friend of King David (1 Kings 5:1). Therefore, King Hiram sent him cedar wood and cypress wood in abundance, to build the Temple (1 Kings 5:10).
Also, for the construction of the Temple of Solomon, thirty thousand workers were recruited in Israel (1 Kings 5:13), who went in turns of 10 thousand each month, to cut wood to Lebanon (1 Kings 5:6), from this each man was in Lebanon one month and two months in his house (1 Kings 5:14). In addition, the construction of the Temple of Solomon had seventy thousand workers, eighty thousand stone cutters and three thousand six hundred foremen supervising the work (1 Kings 5:15-16).
The most important thing was that, to build El Templo, neither hammers nor tools that could produce noise were used. Since the stones were carved in quarries many kilometers away. All this reflected honor and reverence to the house of God (1 Kings 6:7).
What Measures did have the Solomon’s Temple?
The measurements of the Temple of Solomon were 60 cubits long (27 meters), 20 cubits wide (9 meters) and thirty cubits high (1 Ki 6:2). Likewise, the porch had a length of 20 cubits (9 meters), according to the width of the house, and its width was 10 cubits (4.5 meters) (1 Ki 6:3).
What was the Solomon’s Temple Inside like?
The Temple of Solomon was an impressive work, it was built in the year 960 BC and its construction was for a period of 7 years. The materials that were used for its construction of the Temple of Solomon were gold, silver, bronze and cedar (1 Kings 6:7, 9-10, 22) . The previous video shows you how Solomon’s Temple was inside and out.
Furniture of the Salomon’s Temple
The Ark of the Covenant
The Ark of the Covenant was in the Holy of Holies. It was made of acacia wood and covered with gold (Ex 25:10-11). It was a symbol of God’s presence and his covenant with Israel (Ex 25:22, Nu 7:89). In addition, there were the Tablets of the Law (He 9:2).
The Cherubim were in the Holy of Holies. They were made of olive wood and each one measured 10 cubits (4.5 meters) (1 Kings 6:23-27), and they were covered with gold (1 Kings 6:28). Therefore, they represent the heavenly, the presence of God and the Holiness of God (Is 37:16, Ps 80:1, 99:1).
The veil of the Temple separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies. It was made with blue, purple, red and fine white linen, with figures of cherubs. These colors were also in the Veil of the Tabernacle, which represent:
- The blue: The Celestial, Christ as Son of God (1 Cor 15:47-48).
- The Purpura: The royalty of Christ (Rev 19: 6).
- The Red: The Blood of Christ (1 Pet 1:18-19).
- The White: The Holiness of Christ (Ro 3:24, 5:1, Ga 3:27).
The doors were made of wood and covered with gold (1 Kings 6:32). They were at the entrance of the Holy Place and Most Holy Place. As in the Tabernacle, the Door was the symbol of Christ as the only access to God (Jn 10:7, 9, 14:16).
The Table of Showbread
The Table of Showbread was in the Holy Place. In it were the 12 loaves, symbol of the 12 tribes of Israel, but also of the communion of Christ with the believer (Mt 26:26, Lk 24:30).
The 10 Lampstand
The 10 Lampstand were in the Holy Place, located five on the right side and five on the left side (1 Kings 7:49). They were made in pure gold and served to light the priests who ministered in the Temple. They also symbolize Christ as the light of the world (Jn 8:12, Rev 21:23).
The Altar of Incense
The Altar of Incense was in the Holy Place. The priests ministered in burning aromatic incense. It also symbolizes prayer, praise to God and is a type of Christ as our only intercessor before God ( Jn 17:9, 14:16, 16:26, 1 Tim 2:5).
The Bronze Altar
The Bronze Altar was in the Atrium of the Temple. It was a symbol of God’s Judgment for sin. In this way the people of God were taught, that the only way to be reconciled with God, was by means of a sacrifice. All this came to be the typology of Christ’s sacrifice for our sins (Ro 5:9, Heb 10:1-18).
The Bronze Sea
The Bronze Sea was in the atrium of the Temple. It served for the priests to wash themselves before ministering in the sacred things of the temple (Ex 30:19-20). It had a capacity of 42,000 liters (1 Kings 7:26). It also symbolizes sanctification by the word of God and Baptism (Jn 15:3, Mr 1:4).
The Bronze Laver
The Bronze Laver were used to wash the sacrifices, they were made in the form of carts, to be used in a mobile way by the priests who ministered in the Temple ( 1 Kings 7:27-28, 37-38).
Columns of the Salomon’s Temple, Jaquin and Boaz
The columns of the Temple of Solomon were located in the portico, for its construction, the king brought from Tire a man named Hiram, who was of Hebrew descent, but of Phoenician father. Therefore, this man was full of wisdom, in every work of Bronze. So he made the bronze columns called Jaquin and Boaz (1 Kings 7:13-14).
Jaquin was on the right and Boaz on the left (1 Kings 7:21), these columns are 8 meters high and 5.5 meters in circumference (1 Kings 7:15).
The meaning of Jaquin is “He establishes” and Boaz means “in Him there is strength”. These terms together can mean “God gives strength”.
Where was the Solomon’s Temple?
The Bible says that the Temple of Solomon was located on Mount Moriah (2 Chr 3:1), where King David was ordered to build an altar to Jehovah, this land belonged to a man named Ornan who sold it to King David for 600 shekels of gold (1 Chr 21:25). It is also worth noting that the Mount of Moriah was the Place where Abraham was sent to sacrifice Issac (Ge 22:2).
Currently, in the location of Solomon’s Temple is the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Then Solomon began to build the house of the Lord at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the Lord appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite (2 Chr 3:1).
Destruction of the Solomon’s Temple
The destruction of Solomon’s Temple occurred in 586 BC. The people and their rulers rebelled against God and as a result of this, God delivered them into the hands of their enemies (2 Kings 24:18-20). Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem with his army, burning the city together with the Temple (2 Kings 25:8-10). In this way the people were taken from captivity to Babylon and thus ended the glory of the First Temple of Jerusalem.
The Solomon’s Temple in the Bible
Other important data of the Salomon’s Temple in the Bible were:
- The Sacking of the Temple by the King of Egypt (1 Kings 14:25-26).
- The repairs in the reign of Joash (2 Kings 12:4-5).
- The consecration of the Temple in the reign of Hezekiah (2 Chr 29:5).
- Profaned with idolatry in the reign of Manasseh (2 Chr 33:1-2, 7).
- Repaired in the reign of Josiah (2 Chr 34:8-13).
- Finally the destruction of the temple of Solomon burned and looted by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon (2 Kings 25:8-10).